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Using Resources

Using Resources

Ceramics and Composites

What you need to know:

State the different properties of ceramics

State the different properties of composites

Explain what a composite is and why they are useful.

Properties of ceramics

  1. Good insulators
  2. Brittle (shatter when broken) and stiff
  3. Non-metal
  4. High melting point
  5. There are clay and glass ceramics.
Using Resources, figure 1

Properties of composites

Made of one material embedded in another

The properties depend on what the binder is made out of.

Using Resources, figure 2

Polymers

What you need to know:

State the different properties of polymers

Explain what polymers are and why they are useful.

Explain the difference between thermosoftening and thermosetting polymers.

Properties of polymers

  1. Very large molecules with strong covalent bonds throughout.
  2. Insulators of heat and electricity
  3. Can be flexible
  4. Easily moulded
  5. Properties vary massively which means that a lot of different things can be made out of polymers, for example, clothes, plastic bags, wire cables etc…

The type of polymer depends on what the monomers are made out of. The type pf bonds holding he polymer together can determine whether the polymer is thermosoftening or thermosetting.

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__Thermosetting __polymers are strong, hard and rigid. They cannot be melted, instead they just char when burnt.

Using Resources, figure 1

Metals and Alloys

What you need to know:

State the different properties of metals

Explain what an alloy is and why they are useful.

Properties of metals

  1. Malleable
  2. Good conductors of heat and electricity
  3. Ductile – can be drawn into wires
  4. Shiny
  5. Stiff

Alloys

A lot of the time, people want some properties of metals but not others. The most common example is that the strength and conductivity of metals is very useful when building bridges/machinery (etc) but the malleability is not wanted (you don’t want a bendy bridge!).

To solve this, alloys can be made. This is just where another type of atom is introduced into the metallic structure to jumble up the atoms. (If the atoms aren’t in a regular pattern anymore, they can’t easily slide over each other!). This makes the metals much stronger.

Carbon is a common example of the added substance

Using Resources, figure 1